#WorldCancerDay: 8 Key Facts About Cancer You Should Know
The rate of cancer-related deaths is increasing and giving concern to nations of the world, that are striving to see that man lives for at least 130 years.
Around the world 1 in 6 deaths is as a result of cancer and the World Health Organisation (WHO) listed that as one of the facts that you should know about cancer.
Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body.
Other terms used are malignant tumours and neoplasms.
According to WHO, one defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs, the latter process is referred to as metastasising.
Metastases are a major cause of death from cancer.
1. Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and is responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Globally, about 1-in-6 deaths is due to cancer.
2. Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries. This is where Nigeria comes in and concern should be given to this.
3. Around one-third of deaths from cancer are due to the 5 leading behavioural and dietary risks: high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, and alcohol use.
When was the last time you bought fruits and take?
A combination of different fruits provides your body essential minerals and vitamins that it needs to withstand stress, battle cancerous cells and keep the individual string
4. Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer deaths.
If you smoke cigarette, this should be the time to give a thought to it and let go.
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5. Cancer causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV), are responsible for up to 25% of cancer cases in low-and middle-income countries.
6. Late-stage presentation and inaccessible diagnosis and treatment are common.
In 2017, only 26% of low-income countries reported having pathology services generally available in the public sector. More than 90% of high-income countries reported treatment services are available compared to less than 30% of low-income countries.
7. The economic impact of cancer is significant and is increasing. The total annual economic cost of cancer in 2010 was estimated at approximately US$ 1.16 trillion.
8. Only 1 in 5 low and middle-income countries have the necessary data to drive cancer policy.