Yellow Fever is one disease that has killed so many in Africa and of recent it has become an avenue for countries within the continent to make money from travellers from Nigeria.

Outside Africa, it is a reason you could be denied access into another country.

Remember the Yellow Card? If you are not with it, sometimes, you could have only succeeded in adding to the profit of an airline when you get to the airport in your destination. 

That Yellow Card may no longer be required after 2026 if the plan of the United Nations (UN) would be actualised in the continent.

The UN is planning to vaccinate one billion people in Africa against yellow fever in an ambitious campaign to eliminate the deadly disease on the continent.

You are in that plan if you have ever find mosquitos around you.


Africa's population is 1.216 billion and 82.24% of that population will be getting versinated. 

Yellow Fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease and a major killer in Africa, where it can spread fast in highly populated areas with devastating consequences.

“With one injection we can protect a person for life against this dangerous pathogen,” said Tedros Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) at the programme’s launch in Nigeria, a priority target country.

“This unprecedented commitment by countries will ensure that by 2026 Africa is free of yellow fever epidemics,” Ghebreyesus said.

WHO said a yellow fever outbreak is active in Nigeria, with hundreds of suspected cases reported after a seven-year-old girl developed fever, vomiting and abdominal pain in August.

Children make up almost half of those targeted.

“Today, the threat of yellow fever looms larger than ever before, especially for thousands of children across Africa,” the chief of health at the UNICEF, Stefan Peterson, said in a statement.

A major vaccination campaign in Angola and Congo in 2016 brought one of the worst outbreaks of the disease in decades under control after more than 400 people died.

One reason the disease is spreading is because more people are moving from rural to urban areas, particularly to slums, said Robin Nandy, UNICEF’s chief of immunisation.

“These areas tend to have high numbers of people living in close proximity with poor hygiene and sanitation, all the conditions that make it ripe for a disease outbreak,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in atelephone interview.

He said the virus also poses a serious risk in Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Also Read: WHO Heightens Yellow Fever Elimination Efforts In Borno

The vaccination programme is a joint venture by the WHO, UNICEF, the GAVI global vaccine alliance and more than 50 health partners.

Environmentalist have always advocated the elimination of the disease through ensuring a mosquito free environment. That has been achieved in developed countries.

But a Fellow, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Mr Ungonma Cokey, says the fact that keeping our environment clean in Nigeria is a difficult task, vaccination will be the way to go for now.  

“Since we know we can’t prevent, the best thing to do is to vaccinate while we work to ensure a clean environment.”