'THE OTHER ROOM': Research Confirms Having A Daughter Makes Men Less Sexist
Have you ever heard that a woman belongs to the kitchen or even the 'OTHER ROOM'? People call that sexism, and could fight anyone who upholds that statement in any meeting.
A new new study, published in the journal Oxford Economic Papers on December 14, has a suggestion of how men could be less of a sexist.
Get a girl-child in your home, it appears to be saying.
It suggests that being a father to a school-age girl causes men to hold less traditional views on gender roles and norms.
It is a phenomenon, known as the "Mighty Girl Effect," and it describes the vicarious and empathetic learning that fathers undergo while witnessing the challenges their daughters face as they grow up, the World Economic Forum wrote.
The study tracked the responses of more than 5,000 men who rated their level of agreements with statements such as: "A husband's job is to earn money" and "A wife's job is to look after the home and family".
This data was collected from responses to the British Household Panel Survey from 1991 to 2012.
The results showed that men who lived with daughters — including but not limited to stepdaughters, adopted daughters and foster daughters — were less likely to agree with traditional attitudes on gender norms and roles.
This effect was most pronounced among fathers as their daughters entered secondary-school age, suggesting that men change their views over time.
"Parenting pre-school daughters is associated with a higher probability to behave traditionally," the authors wrote.
"However, parenting primary and secondary school-age daughters is associated with a lower likelihood to follow a traditional male breadwinner norm in which the man works and the woman does not work, and this result holds both cross-sectionally and longitudinally."
A co-author of the research from the London School of Economics, Dr. Joan Costa-i-Font, told The Guardian that living with young girls gives men an up-close look at the female experience.
"They experience first-hand all the issues that [exist] in a female world and then that basically moderates their attitudes towards gender norms and they become closer to seeing the full picture from the female perspective," he said.
The researchers noted that no significant effects were observed among women or men who already held feminist views, and that they verified that their "results are not driven by unobserved individual heterogeneity, endogenous fertility stopping rules, reverse causality, or attrition from the estimation sample".
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