Some people could have health challenges and keep to themselves.

For couples who are finding it difficult to get pregnant and have babies, they have been advised to seek medical attention and not to keep silent.

An In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) expert, Chika Ofoegbuliwe, has urged couples experiencing infertility challenges to speak up.

While revealing that two to three of every five couples counselled had issues with infertility, the IVF expert explained that its cause might not be identified without proper medical examination.

The expert said that the longer couples waited, the more complicated the treatment options mighty be.

“Some people desire to have children which they cannot get naturally.

“So, the only option left for them is to seek help through advanced reproductive therapy.

“As a woman grows older, the quality of her eggs drops. There may also be problem with the man’s sperm; it may be too few or there may be no sperm.

“Even, if they decide to have an IVF, the nature and quality of the eggs and sperm determines a good embryo, that has more chances of survival,” she said.

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According to the expert, many men don’t bother to go for checkups because they have normal erections during sexual intercourse without knowing that they cannot produce sperm.

“We have also found out that a lot of men have problems. You know a man ejaculates, but sometime it’s just semen without sperm cells.

“There is a high evidence of low sperm count, even for young donors that come here,” she said.

IVF, which is one of the treatment options available for infertility, is an assisted conception technique where an egg is fertilised with sperm externally in a laboratory.

The embryo (fertilised egg) is then injected into the woman’s uterus after three to five days of fertilisation for incubation.

The factors which may lead to a couple opting for IVF includes, advanced maternal age, blocked tubes, endometriosis, polycystic ovaries, low or no sperm count and erection challenges.

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