You must have heard of chicken pox and small pox, but there is a new viral disease in town called "Monkeypox."

The Monkeypox virus is a double-stranded DNA, zoonotic virus and a species of the genus Orthopoxvirus in the family Poxviridae. 

It is one of the human orthopoxviruses that includes variola, cowpox, and vaccinia viruses.

The virus can spread from human to human by both droplet respiration and contact with fomites from an infected person's bodily fluids. 

Incubation period is 10–14 days. 

Prodromal symptoms include swelling of lymph nodes, muscle pain, headache, fever, prior to the emergence of the rash.

A medical doctor and 10 persons, who came down with the disease have been quarantined in an isolation centre at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri.


The isolation centre was reportedly created by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and the epidemiological team of the state’s Ministry of Health to check the spread of the virus.

The NCDC and the epidemiological team were said to be tracking 49 other persons who may have come in contact with those infected.

The state Commissioner for Health, Prof. Ebitimitula Etebu, confirmed the development, saying that samples of the virus had been sent to the World Health Organisation laboratory in Dakar, Senegal for confirmation.

He described monkeypox as a viral illness caused by a group of viruses that include chicken pox and small pox, adding that the first case was noticed in the Democratic Republic of Congo with subsequent outbreaks in the West African region.

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