A report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has brought with it a warning that the Nigerian government and other African countries will have to give attention to or face a future of food scarcity.

In Nigeria, the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari is asking people to go into farming, expressing the belief that 'agriculture sector has the potential of employing the nation’s unemployed youths'.

But the report of the IPCC showed that global warming, as a result of climate change in some African nations, would go as low as 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Analysing the impact a 1.5 degrees warming by the 2030s will have on African nations, the reports said West Africa would be devastating.

Wheat yields could fall by up to 25%, and at 1.5 degrees Lagos in Nigeria could become a newly heat stressed city like Delhi in India.

“In sub-Saharan Africa 1.5 degrees warming by the 2030s could lead to about 40% of present maize cropping areas being no longer suitable for current cultivars, and significant negative impacts on sorghum suitability are projected.

“Under warming of less than 2 degrees by the 2050s, total crop production could be reduced by 10%.

“At 2 degrees of warming heat extremes never experienced before could affect 15% of sub-Saharan Africa’s land area in the hot season, causing deaths and threatening farmers’ ability to grow crops.

Nigeria is promoting the growing of wheat and rice by farmers, offering loans from Central Bank to person who are willing to venture into farming of such cash crops.

Analysing the report further, Mr Apollos Nwafor, Pan Africa Director of  Oxfam International, said: “Climate change has set our planet on fire, millions are already feeling the impacts, and the IPCC just showed that things can get much worse.

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“Settling for 2 degrees would be a death sentence for people in many parts of Africa”.

Suggesting what the government should be doing at this time to mitigate the effect of this global warming, he said” “A hotter Africa is a hungrier Africa.

Today at only 1.1 degrees of warming globally, crops and livestock across the region are being hit and hunger is rising, with poor small scale women farmers, living in rural areas suffering the most.

“It only gets worse from here.

“The faster governments embrace the renewable energy revolution and move to protect communities at risk, the more lives and livelihoods that will be spared”.

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Mr Nwafor warned that to do nothing more and simply follow the commitments made in the Paris Agreement condemns the world to 3 degrees of warming.

“The damage to our planet and humanity would be exponentially worse and irreparable. 

“Oxfam calls for increased, responsible and accountable climate finance from rich countries that supports small scale farmers, especially women to realizs their right to food security and climate justice,” he added.

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