We are in an Election period in Nigeria and there is so much information pumping in on the matter.

But there was also something very important that women and men should know about their health and how they can manage it to ensure high productivity reduce risk of death and stay strong as they pursue wealth and go about their aspirations.

When you hear that a someone slumped and died, your heart goes directly to man and on very few occasions you can imagine a woman will have heart attack.

There is issue of inequality between man and woman and sometimes when you delve into this issue, people will even call you sexist and the likes of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie will nail you to the cross of Jesus Christ if possible each time you say a woman is different from a man and should be treated with gentleness. 

Heart attack is mostly associate with men, but the truth is that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally for both sexes, and women are more likely than men to die of a heart attack, the World Economic Forum wrote. 

There is a reason this happens and it is because during a heart attack, women are more likely to present without pain, or with uncharacteristic symptoms. Treatment guidelines, however, are based on data collected primarily from men and this is a delicate one.

Sexism in cardiovascular research means that not only are heart attacks often missed in women, but women are also less likely to receive recommended therapies, interventions and rehabilitation opportunities.

More Women Are Dying

One of the most common cardiovascular conditions is ischemic heart disease and this can lead to heart attacks.

Heart attacks occur when blood vessels serving the heart are blocked, causing heart muscle to die. In most cases the blockage is due to atherosclerosis: the build-up of fatty plaques in the coronary arteries.

However, more than 50% of women with ischemic heart disease don’t have blocked coronary arteries. The Women’s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) study found ischemic heart disease in women often occurs when smaller blood vessels of the heart known as the “microcirculation” become damaged, causing them to close.

Facts about women and heart attack in Canada

Despite advances which have decreased heart attack mortality, womenhave higher rates of deaths compared to men, the study says. 

Why does the same condition kill more women than men?

Most heart attacks aren’t sudden, painful events that cause victims to collapse to the ground. Pain may be gradual and mistaken for indigestion or a muscle ache.

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Although chest pain is the most common symptom for both sexes, women are more likely to present without pain or have uncharacteristic symptoms including fatigue or discomfort in the neck, jaw and back. The failure to quickly recognise atypical symptoms can delay treatment and cause more heart damage.

A long-standing concern is that women delay seeking medical care and suffer greater damage by not acting quickly.

Clinical guidelines set checkpoints for tests and treatments that are often missed in women.

The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada found that women were less likely than men to receive an electrocardiogram — a test to detect heart attacks — within the recommended 10 minutes after arriving in the emergency department.

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