Great deluge has been reported in some areas, with homes lost to flood.

Of grave concern is the possible disease spread that Nigerians face, especially those leaving in highly populated areas, with minimal concern for sanitation.

Our undying habit of throwing waste in open drains and leave some on roadsides puts us at risk of some waterborne diseases.

Here are a few diseases that drinking contaminated water could cause:

1.      Cholera - It is a diarrhea disease caused by a bacterial infection of the small intestine and some of the symptoms it presents are abdominal cramps, nausea, rapid dehydration, vomiting and diarrhea.

2.      Cryptosporidium - Cryptosporidium enteritis is a parasitic infection of the small intestine and it is most common in people with low immune systems - young children and people living with HIV/AIDS. Symptoms of cryptosporidium enteritis include abdominal cramping, malnutrition and weight loss, nausea and diarrhea.

3.      Cylcosporiasis - It is an intestinal parasitic disease and its symptoms are diarrhea, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, headache, and fever.

4.      Diarrheal Disease - It is the passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day (or more frequent passage than is normal for the individual) and it is a symptom of an infection in the intestinal tract, which can be caused by a variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms.

Diarrhoea could either be Acute watery diarrhoea, Acute bloody diarrhoea or Persistent diarrhoea.

5.      Dysentery - Amoebic and bacillary dysentery are both infections of the intestine that cause diarrhea its symptoms include nausea, fever, and diarrhea.

6.      Gastroenteritis - It is an inflammation of the intestinal lining caused by a virus, bacteria, or parasites. Some of the symptoms are diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills.

7.      Giardiasis - This is a parasitic diarrheal illness. Some people with giardia infection never develop signs or symptoms but still carry the parasite and can spread it to others through their stool.

For those who do get sick, signs and symptoms usually appear one to two weeks after exposure and may include diarrhea, fatigue, abdominal cramps and bloating, nausea and weight loss.

8.      Guinea Worm - It is a disease caused by a parasite found in unsafe drinking water that enters a person’s body and it can cause intense pain and discomfort when it does.

Guinea worm can incapacitate people.


9.      Hepatitis E
It is a virus that gains access into the human body through contaminated drinking water and symptoms like jaundice, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and fever are what it presents.

In rare cases, hepatitis E can result in acute liver failure and death.

10.  Typhoid Fever - This is a common one in Nigeria and it is a bacterial infection with symptoms like fever, abdominal pain, skin rash, and diarrhea.

Before you drink the sachet water or bottle water, be sure there is NAFDAC approval and stay away from flood water.

Also consider the source of your borehole water. If it is near a sewage system, there could be contamination in periods of heavy rains just like we have recorded.

Doctors say boiling water may not entirely make the water safe. Boiling can remove or kill microorganisms, but it will not remove chemical toxins.

Only 1% of the earth’s water is safe for drinking without treatment.