Caesarean Section Births Increasing Despite These Risks
Caesarean Section (CS) birth, which is the cutting open of a woman’s lower abdomen to remove a child in her womb was not part of human life, until it was first carried out in 320 BC to save the life of a child from a dying mother.
Thousands of years after, it is increasingly becoming popular even in Nigeria.
But there are risks associated with that kind of child birth that has become an easily acceptable option to some parents.
Some of the reasons a survey highlighted for increasing popularity of the procedure are hinged on medical, social considerations and unethical motive to make profit, this time by hospitals.
Dr Ijarotimi Omotade is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife.
She has highlighted that CS could only be justified whenever it was deemed that the life of the mother or foetus could be in jeopardy if vaginal delivery was allowed.
Omotade fears that CS rate is on the increase worldwide and remains a concern considering the risks associated with the procedure.
Some of the risks, according to her, are maternal death, bleeding, dangerous clot formation in blood vessels, infection and anaesthetic complications.
One thing she highlighted was that CS could be beneficial when the passage (pelvis) was too narrow for the passenger (fetus), when the placenta or tumour is blocking the passage and when the womb (uterus) is in danger of a rupture.
“Mothers are now also requesting caesarean section because they want to preserve the tone of the perineum and vagina.
“Mothers, who want their babies delivered on a particular day like their birthdays, husband’s birthday, wedding anniversary, special occasions like New Year's Day, Christmas or other religious occasions are not left out of social factors,’’ she said.
Similarly, the Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at OAU, Professor Ernest Orji, pointed out that CS had become attractive to women, with the availability of professionals and modern equipment for successful surgery.
Hospitals greed and quest for more money is not left out in the increase, as a gynaecologist at Ladoke Akintola University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Dr Modupe Lawal, said CS delivery is on the rise in Nigeria because doctors make more money from the procedure.
According to Lawal, what most private hospitals charge for CS is higher than normal delivery.
But another doctor, Adewunmi Alayaki, also says it will unfair to believe that doctors who recommend CS are after monetary benefits.
He is the Head of Surgery Department at the State Hospital, Ilaro, Ogun and he told Bounce News that a doctor’s first and paramount responsibility is to save lives.