Most students desire to come out of school with high grades.

But one thing is certain, this high grade is a product of how well a student performs in his/her examinations especially if the lecturers do not accept bribe or payment in kind to give students undeserved marks.

Then, there are those students who put in so much effort to ensure they get high grades, but see a different score on their result display board. 

These said students are confident of scoring high in the subject, but are disappointed to see that they score below their expectation.

"The lecturer marked me down", some will say, as they try to figure out why they had such a low score in the subject.

Bounce News had a chat with a lecturer at the Nnamdi Azikiwe University in Awka, Anambra State, Dr. Wilfred Dumbili, and he highlighted a few things that students should have at the back of their mind when writing an examination.

The poor reading habit of students at times reflects during examinations, and Dr Dumbili suggested as much, pointing out the importance of reading instructions in examinations, and how students sometimes fail to do this.

“Students must adhere to all the instructions given by each examiner. For instance, in a recent examination, I gave an instruction for students to answer question number ‘1’ and ‘any other 2 questions’, but I saw that someone answered 4 or 5 questions.

“These students disobeyed the instructions and there is always a penalty for such an act of disobedience.

“Obedience to rules is the first sign of being a serious- minded student. We must not forget that degrees are awarded based on ‘character and learning’.

What some lecturers will do is to “mark the first three questions that the student answered, but the risk is that the student may have written the next two questions better,” he said.

According to him, some lecturers will penalise the student for not adhering to the instruction.

Another aspect lecturers look at while marking students’ papers is the relevance of points put forward. This time, they look at points they discussed in class and those that were not discussed but are also relevant to the topic.

“This shows that the student is seriously hardworking, provided the points are relevant to and/or answer the questions.”

A student must also use appropriate concepts, theories and terminologies or jargons to explain, as he/she provides answers to questions.

“This is because terminology is a marker of science. So, using necessary terminology impresses me as a social scientist,” he said.

How well-read a student is and how much time the student had given to research; whether online or offline with books show in the answers that they give to questions.

Dr. Dumbili, who is an expert in the Sociology of Addiction, pointed out that being current or up-to-date was also very necessary.

“Again, backing up your points with relevant local and international examples impresses me. It shows that you listen to news and source for materials outside your course content,” he added.

Citing sources is one thing that impresses lecturers and every student should make conscious effort to memorise the author, title of research materials they are quoting and if possible, the year it was published.

Students who want to score high in examinations should adhere to these few recommendations and they'll be on their way to making good grades in school.