Before you get emotional and take up an argument with your partner, colleague at work or someone from a different religious or political group; take a moment and think.

The data put before us is not just figures manufactured from pressing calculators or some miraculous software that analyses information.

No. It's simply the reality of our time being put before us as a people with its leadership and their followers to blame.

We all are to blame. 

Here are 4 reasons Nigeria ranked low on the stability index based on certain parameters used by the Fund For Peace.

POOR SECURITY RECORDS: Last week, Boko Haram threatened to bomb Nigeria’s capital city, Abuja in a video that went viral.

To determine the role security apparatus play in the stability of a nation, the FFP asked questions such as: Is the military under civilian control? Do private militias exist against the state? Is there paramilitary activity?

(I am sure you are answering these questions as we move along)

Other questions include: Are there guerilla forces operating in the state? Do they control any territory?

With Boko Haram in the North East, herdsmen attacks and kidnapping ravaging the South, it would be easy to understand why poor security ratings could adversely affect our stability.

FACTIONALISED ELITES: To determine if a state is plagued by factionalized elites, please answer these questions: Is leadership fairly elected? Is leadership representative of the population?

Are there factionalized elites, tribal elites and/or fringe groups? How powerful are they? Is there a political reconciliation process? Is the military representative of the population? Is there a sense of national identity? Are there strong feelings of nationalism? Or are there calls for separatism?

(Did I hear you say 'hmmmmm'?)


GROUP GRIEVANCE: The Group Grievance Indicator focuses on divisions between different groups in society – particularly divisions based on social or political characteristics – and their role in access to services or resources, and inclusion in the political process.

(Does this ring a bell?)

With IPOB and MASSOB in the East, Niger Delta Avengers in the South-South, Boko Haram in the North and OPC in the South West, this should not sound strange.


According to the FFP reports, "Group Grievance may also have a historical development, where aggrieved communal groups cite injustices of the past, sometimes going back centuries, that influence and shape that group’s role in society and relationships with other groups.

"This history may in turn be shaped by patterns of real or perceived atrocities or “crimes” committed with apparent impunity against communal groups."

Does Biafra come to mind? There can not be a better description. It is the reality that confronts Nigerians every day.

The Ibos of Nigeria, for instance, feel aggrieved because they are denied autonomy, self-determination or political independence to which they believe they are entitled.

ECONOMIC DECLINE AND POVERTY: The indicator considers factors related to economic decline within a country.

For example, the Indicator looks at patterns of progressive economic decline of the society as a whole as measured by average income a person earns in a year, the value of the total goods and services produced in the country, the unemployment rates, cost of goods and services, productivity, debt, poverty levels, or business failures.

With Nigeria currently grappling with recession in second year of the Buhari administration, it should not be news that the country is plagued by these economic anguish.


Moreover, Nigeria has seen significant drop in commodity prices, trade revenue, and foreign investment over the past two years. The Naira's mixed fortunes is another very sad tale. Unfortunately, these are also considered in the economic decline and poverty indicator.

These are just a tip of the iceberg. Other factors considered in the comparative analysis include - Uneven economic development, Human Flight and Brain Drain, State Legitimacy, Public Services, Human Rights and Rule of Law, Amount of Refugees and IDPs.

So who is to blame? We ALL are to blame - leaders are only a reflection of the majority of the people.