Africa is a troubled spot. For all its rich mineral resources and developmental potential, it is best remembered as place of political instability, poverty and relentless conflicts.

It is becoming increasingly difficult to think of Africa without one form of conflict or the other.

At the moment, there are pockets of violence ongoing in virtually all the African countries; but here are 5 cases that have refused to go away.

1. Libya: Libya is one of the saddest stories of Africa and biggest casualty of sit-tight syndrome. Just under a decade ago, it was hailed as one of the success stories of the continent.

But all that has gone to the wind following the toppling of its former sit-tight leader, Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.

Immediately after the fall of Gaddafi, several armed groups sprung up fighting for the control of the government and the oil resources.

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Today, there are kings at every corner. No one is really in charge. The country has descended into complete anarchy. Thousands have died in the fighting and strangers caught up in the conflict are sold into slavery.  

2. Nigeria: For anyone outside Nigeria, it would be hard to think of conflict in Africa without Nigeria. But Nigeria is relatively a peaceful country.

However, with Boko Haram insurgency constantly in the news and the military allegedly mistakenly killing people, it would be hard to imagine that all of Nigeria is not under siege.

The Boko Haram insurgency has been on for the past 8 years. Thousands of people have lost their lives and millions have been displaced.

"At the end of December 2017, Nigerian president Muhammad Buhari announced the final crushing of Boko Haram terrorists in their last enclave in the Sambisa Forest, yet the group has not been vanquished.

"A leadership quarrel has split the jihadi movement, but it remains resilient and aggressive,” wrote a diplomatic publication, Foreign Policy in its December issue.

Although government has claimed severally that the terror group has been defeated, they still carry out fatal attacks and refugee crises created by the insurgency is yet to go away.

3. Cameroon: Cameroon had little trouble besides Boko Haram insurgency spill over until the Cameroonian authorities used a sledge hammer to kill a fly.

Its security forces attacked a separatist group from the English-speaking side who were protesting marginalisation.

The situation has degenerated into full-blown crisis and an estimated 40,000 people have fled to Nigeria as refugees within the past week.

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This is a developing crisis that has the potential to destabilise the West African country.

4. Democratic Republic of Congo: DR Congo is another victim of sit-tight syndrome in Africa.

The Country’s president, Joseph Kabila is refusing to step down after his constitutionally mandated two-term limit expired, thereby throwing the country into avoidable crisis.

As you read this, there is probably protest ongoing in DRC where tens of people could be wounded or killed.

The political stalemate has endured since 2016. Shortly before midnight of 2016 (New Year’s Eve), Catholic bishops in the country announced that a deal had been reached to resolve the country’s political crisis.

The deal required President Kabila to step down after elections are held, sometime before the end of 2017.

Analysts believed this was the best chance for a path forward but obviously the deal didn’t come through and the crisis lingers.

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5. South Sudan: This is one of the most under-reported conflicts in Africa.

South Sudan spent decades fighting for independence from Sudan.

In 2011, their prayers were answered, and they got independence. Once they got it, they became unable to decide who will be in charge of the new country and conflict ensued.

Today, South Sudan is a war-ravaged zone, a country that had never known a single day of peace, the world’s youngest country, and they are still fighting.

Several peace agreements and cease fires had failed.

The conflict has internally displaced about 1.8 million people and forced around 1.2 million to flee the country.

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